Language of Koi – Glossary

Published on March 2, 2010

1 Doitsu
1 Doitsu

Akame (a-kah-may) red eye

Aka (a-kah) red

Beni (ben-ee) red

Benigoi (ben-ee-goy) orange red koi

Doitsu (dough-eet-sue) German – scale-less, or rows of large scales

Gin-rin diamond scales

Godan (go-dan) five-step pattern

Hi (he) red

Hikari (he-kah-ree) metallic

Ichi (ee-chee) number 1, best

Kage (kah-gay) shadow, undeveloped black

Kanoko (kah-no-koh) dappled red markings

Ki (kee) yellow

Kin (kin) gold

Kin rin (kin rin) gold diamond scales

Kiwa (key-wah) edge of pattern

Kohaku (co-hah-ku) white Koi with bold red patches

Kuchibeni (koo-chee-ben-ee) red on the mouth like lipstick

Kuzu (koo-zoo) junk

Maruten (mah-roo-ten) round spot on the head (crown)

Matsuba (ma-tsue-bah) net-like pattern on scales (reticulation)

Menware (men-wah-ray) black stripe between eyes or Utsuri and Showa

Mesu (messu) female

Midori (me-doe-ree) green

Motoguro (moe-toe-goo-roe) black at the base of the pectoral fins

Nidan (nee-dawn) two-step pattern on Kohaku

Nisai (nee-sigh) two-year-old koi

Odome (oh-do-may) tail stop – the white area between last color on the body and tail

Ohmoyo (oh-moy-oh) a large pattern

Osu (oh-sue) male

Sandan (san-dawn) three-step pattern on Kohaku

Sanke (sawn-kay) white koi with red patches like a Kohaku and black spots on the upper half of the body

Sansai (san-sigh) three-year old koi

Sashi (sash-ee) white scales overlapping red on the leading edge of pattern

Showa (sho-wah) Black, red and white koi

Shimi (she-me) small black spot (freckle)

Shiro (sheer-oh) white

Shiro Utsuri (sheer-oh oot-sir-ee) Black and white Koi. Black appears as bands around the body

Sumi (sue-me) black

Tancho (tawn-choe) red spot on the head and no other red on the body

Tategoi (tah-tay-goy) a Koi with potential for further development

Tosai (toe-sigh) Koi of less then one year old

Tsubo sumi (sue-bow sue-me) Sanke black on white background, which may be bordered by red

Utsuri (oot-sir-ee) (see Shiro Utsuri, Utsuri can also be red or yellow)

Yondan (yon-dawn) four-step pattern on Kohaku

Yonsai (yon-sigh) four-year-old Koi

Special Thanks to Joel Burkard, Pan Intercorp for his help with these terms.

Kloubec Koi Farm

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

More Articles

The Pond Guy Named a Winner of the Top Workplaces 2022 Award by the Detroit Free Press

The Pond Guy has been awarded a Top Workplaces 2022 honor by The ...

Reflection Pool Retrofit: From splash pad to sun shelf and reflection pool

The “natural Sun shelf” and reflection pool after sunset provides just the right ...

Tim Jennings Awarded the IWGS Hall of Fame Award

The International Waterlily and Water Gardening Society (IWGS) Hall of Fame award is ...

November / December 2022

If you live in a cooler climate like I do (the U.S. Midwest), ...
Scroll to Top