Language of Koi – Glossary

Published on March 2, 2010

1 Doitsu
1 Doitsu

Akame (a-kah-may) red eye

Aka (a-kah) red

Beni (ben-ee) red

Benigoi (ben-ee-goy) orange red koi

Doitsu (dough-eet-sue) German – scale-less, or rows of large scales

Gin-rin diamond scales

Godan (go-dan) five-step pattern

Hi (he) red

Hikari (he-kah-ree) metallic

Ichi (ee-chee) number 1, best

Kage (kah-gay) shadow, undeveloped black

Kanoko (kah-no-koh) dappled red markings

Ki (kee) yellow

Kin (kin) gold

Kin rin (kin rin) gold diamond scales

Kiwa (key-wah) edge of pattern

Kohaku (co-hah-ku) white Koi with bold red patches

Kuchibeni (koo-chee-ben-ee) red on the mouth like lipstick

Kuzu (koo-zoo) junk

Maruten (mah-roo-ten) round spot on the head (crown)

Matsuba (ma-tsue-bah) net-like pattern on scales (reticulation)

Menware (men-wah-ray) black stripe between eyes or Utsuri and Showa

Mesu (messu) female

Midori (me-doe-ree) green

Motoguro (moe-toe-goo-roe) black at the base of the pectoral fins

Nidan (nee-dawn) two-step pattern on Kohaku

Nisai (nee-sigh) two-year-old koi

Odome (oh-do-may) tail stop – the white area between last color on the body and tail

Ohmoyo (oh-moy-oh) a large pattern

Osu (oh-sue) male

Sandan (san-dawn) three-step pattern on Kohaku

Sanke (sawn-kay) white koi with red patches like a Kohaku and black spots on the upper half of the body

Sansai (san-sigh) three-year old koi

Sashi (sash-ee) white scales overlapping red on the leading edge of pattern

Showa (sho-wah) Black, red and white koi

Shimi (she-me) small black spot (freckle)

Shiro (sheer-oh) white

Shiro Utsuri (sheer-oh oot-sir-ee) Black and white Koi. Black appears as bands around the body

Sumi (sue-me) black

Tancho (tawn-choe) red spot on the head and no other red on the body

Tategoi (tah-tay-goy) a Koi with potential for further development

Tosai (toe-sigh) Koi of less then one year old

Tsubo sumi (sue-bow sue-me) Sanke black on white background, which may be bordered by red

Utsuri (oot-sir-ee) (see Shiro Utsuri, Utsuri can also be red or yellow)

Yondan (yon-dawn) four-step pattern on Kohaku

Yonsai (yon-sigh) four-year-old Koi

Special Thanks to Joel Burkard, Pan Intercorp for his help with these terms.

Aqua UV

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

More Articles

Mark Your Calendar for the Northern Midwest ZNA Koi Show & Pond Expo

The Gateway Koi and Pond Club will host the 22nd Annual Northern Midwest ...

It’s a Pump Canyon! It’s a Basin! It’s a Canyon Matrix!

Blue Thumb's newest product development changes everything for DIYers and contractors alike. The ...

Dream Pond Renovation for POND Trade Publisher

From left to right: Omar Aguilar, Edi Aguilar, George Janowiak, Pablo Gonzales and ...

Laura Reale Announces Rebranding of Pondtent to BlueGreen Marketing

Laura Reale is thrilled to announce the rebranding of her pond marketing company, ...

Contractor's Corner

Sponsored by Pondliner

Scroll to Top